Multnomah County vs. Oregon
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1969-2021
Introduction
Multnomah County vs. Oregon
Multnomah County:
2021 Population = 803,377
2021 Percent of State = 18.9%
Oregon:
2021 Population = 4,246,155
2021 Percent of U.S. = 1.3%
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Multnomah County with comparisons to Oregon and the nation at large. This analysis features alternative approaches toward discussing, diagnosing and comparing Multnomah County vs. Oregon's population growth over 1969-2021. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1969-2021
Population, 1969-2021
Figure 1.
Figure 1 traces Multnomah County's annual population for the period 1969-2021 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 53-year period, Multnomah County's population rose from 559,379 in 1969 to 803,377 in 2021, for a net gain of 243,998, or 43.6%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population, 1969-2021
Population, 1969-2021
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Oregon's annual population for the period 1969-2021 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 53-year period, Oregon's population rose from 2,062,000 in 1969 to 4,246,155 in 2021, for a net gain of 2,184,155, or 105.9%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2021
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2021
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Multnomah County's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Oregon, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Multnomah County's overall population growth was 43.6% over 1969-2021 trailed Oregon's increase of 105.9%, and fell below the United States' increase of 64.9%.
Population as a Percent of the Oregon Total: 1969-2021
Population as a Percent of the Oregon Total: 1969-2021
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the population growth of Multnomah County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Oregon's statewide population over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than Oregon's population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Multnomah County's population totaled 27.1% of Oregon's population, while in 2021 it totaled 18.9% thereby yielding a -8.2% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2021 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2021
vs.
1969
-8.21%
=
18.92%
-
27.13%
 
   
Multnomah County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2021
Multnomah County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2021
Figure 5.
Figure 5 shows the short-run pattern of Multnomah County's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2021. The average annual percent change for the entire 52-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Multnomah County's population grew at an annual rate of 0.70% over 1970-2021. The county recorded its highest growth in 2008 (2.18%) and posted its lowest growth in 2021 (-1.53%). In 2021, Multnomah County's population declined by -1.53%
Multnomah County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2021
Multnomah County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2021
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again shows the annual percent change in Multnomah County's population since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s, and 2020-2021.
During the 1970s, Multnomah County's annual population growth rate averaged -0.04%. It averaged 0.36% in the 1980s, 1.32% throughout the 1990s, 1.02% throughout the 2000s, 1.11% in the 2010s, -0.56% thus far this decade (2020-2021).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Multnomah County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Oregon and the nation. As the chart reveals, Multnomah County's average annual population growth amounted to less than Oregon's average during the 1970s (-0.04% vs. 2.26%), recorded under Oregon's average throughout the 1980s (0.36% vs. 0.80%), posted below Oregon's average throughout the 1990s (1.32% vs. 1.98%), recorded under Oregon's average in the 2000s (1.02% vs. 1.16%), led Oregon's average during the 2010s (1.11% vs. 1.02%), and trailed Oregon's average over the 2 year period of the current decade, 2020-2021 (-0.56% vs. 0.36%).
Finally, relative to nationwide population growth trends, Multnomah County lagged the nation over the 1970s (-0.04% vs. 1.10%), lagged the nation throughout the 1980s (0.36% vs. 0.95%), exceeded the nation over the 1990s (1.32% vs. 1.23%), outperformed the nation during the 2000s (1.02% vs. 0.95%), outperformed the nation over the 2010s (1.11% vs. 0.74%), and fell below the nation over 2020-2021 (-0.56% vs. 0.25%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.70
-0.04
0.36
1.32
1.02
1.11
-0.56
-1.53
 
1.40
2.26
0.80
1.98
1.16
1.02
0.36
0.11
 
0.97
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.74
0.25
0.12
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Multnomah County:
Population, 1969-2021
 
1969
 
559,379
100.0
N
27.13
1970
 
553,956
99.0
-0.97
26.37
1971
 
555,198
99.3
0.22
25.82
1972
 
559,631
100.0
0.80
25.49
1973
 
554,263
99.1
-0.96
24.76
1974
 
553,812
99.0
-0.08
24.28
1975
 
547,406
97.9
-1.16
23.55
1976
 
547,381
97.9
0.00
23.08
1977
 
552,989
98.9
1.02
22.67
1978
 
552,201
98.7
-0.14
22.00
1979
 
556,806
99.5
0.83
21.60
1980
 
563,606
100.8
1.22
21.34
1981
 
566,197
101.2
0.46
21.22
1982
 
565,189
101.0
-0.18
21.21
1983
 
562,371
100.5
-0.50
21.20
1984
 
563,391
100.7
0.18
21.13
1985
 
564,249
100.9
0.15
21.11
1986
 
566,459
101.3
0.39
21.11
1987
 
563,560
100.7
-0.51
20.86
1988
 
573,023
102.4
1.68
20.90
1989
 
576,816
103.1
0.66
20.67
1990
 
586,617
104.9
1.70
20.51
1991
 
598,286
107.0
1.99
20.43
1992
 
606,968
108.5
1.45
20.29
1993
 
616,719
110.3
1.61
20.15
1994
 
622,642
111.3
0.96
19.95
1995
 
629,617
112.6
1.12
19.77
1996
 
639,587
114.3
1.58
19.70
1997
 
647,083
115.7
1.17
19.58
1998
 
652,416
116.6
0.82
19.46
1999
 
657,740
117.6
0.82
19.38
2000
 
661,654
118.3
0.60
19.29
2001
 
669,690
119.7
1.21
19.31
2002
 
676,653
121.0
1.04
19.26
2003
 
679,348
121.4
0.40
19.15
2004
 
672,526
120.2
-1.00
18.84
2005
 
674,862
120.6
0.35
18.68
2006
 
683,767
122.2
1.32
18.63
2007
 
697,799
124.7
2.05
18.75
2008
 
712,989
127.5
2.18
18.92
2009
 
727,721
130.1
2.07
19.11
2010
 
737,320
131.8
1.32
19.21
2011
 
749,932
134.1
1.71
19.36
2012
 
760,517
136.0
1.41
19.50
2013
 
767,001
137.1
0.85
19.55
2014
 
779,041
139.3
1.57
19.65
2015
 
790,781
141.4
1.51
19.68
2016
 
803,716
143.7
1.64
19.64
2017
 
808,304
144.5
0.57
19.49
2018
 
809,589
144.7
0.16
19.35
2019
 
812,607
145.3
0.37
19.27
2020
 
815,871
145.9
0.40
19.24
2021
 
803,377
143.6
-1.53
18.92
Source: Calculations by the Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project (OR-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2022
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Oregon:
Population, 1969-2021
 
1969
 
2,062,000
100.0
N
1.02
1970
 
2,100,388
101.9
1.86
1.03
1971
 
2,149,890
104.3
2.36
1.04
1972
 
2,195,219
106.5
2.11
1.05
1973
 
2,238,878
108.6
1.99
1.06
1974
 
2,280,956
110.6
1.88
1.07
1975
 
2,324,622
112.7
1.91
1.08
1976
 
2,372,155
115.0
2.04
1.09
1977
 
2,439,355
118.3
2.83
1.11
1978
 
2,509,609
121.7
2.88
1.13
1979
 
2,578,312
125.0
2.74
1.15
1980
 
2,641,218
128.1
2.44
1.16
1981
 
2,667,985
129.4
1.01
1.16
1982
 
2,664,919
129.2
-0.11
1.15
1983
 
2,653,071
128.7
-0.44
1.13
1984
 
2,666,589
129.3
0.51
1.13
1985
 
2,672,648
129.6
0.23
1.12
1986
 
2,683,526
130.1
0.41
1.12
1987
 
2,700,996
131.0
0.65
1.11
1988
 
2,741,297
132.9
1.49
1.12
1989
 
2,790,579
135.3
1.80
1.13
1990
 
2,860,375
138.7
2.50
1.15
1991
 
2,928,507
142.0
2.38
1.16
1992
 
2,991,755
145.1
2.16
1.17
1993
 
3,060,367
148.4
2.29
1.18
1994
 
3,121,264
151.4
1.99
1.19
1995
 
3,184,369
154.4
2.02
1.20
1996
 
3,247,111
157.5
1.97
1.21
1997
 
3,304,310
160.2
1.76
1.21
1998
 
3,352,449
162.6
1.46
1.22
1999
 
3,393,941
164.6
1.24
1.22
2000
 
3,429,708
166.3
1.05
1.22
2001
 
3,467,937
168.2
1.11
1.22
2002
 
3,513,424
170.4
1.31
1.22
2003
 
3,547,376
172.0
0.97
1.22
2004
 
3,569,463
173.1
0.62
1.22
2005
 
3,613,202
175.2
1.23
1.22
2006
 
3,670,883
178.0
1.60
1.23
2007
 
3,722,417
180.5
1.40
1.24
2008
 
3,768,748
182.8
1.24
1.24
2009
 
3,808,600
184.7
1.06
1.24
2010
 
3,837,611
186.1
0.76
1.24
2011
 
3,872,655
187.8
0.91
1.24
2012
 
3,900,071
189.1
0.71
1.24
2013
 
3,924,064
190.3
0.62
1.24
2014
 
3,965,387
192.3
1.05
1.24
2015
 
4,018,466
194.9
1.34
1.25
2016
 
4,093,179
198.5
1.86
1.26
2017
 
4,147,186
201.1
1.32
1.27
2018
 
4,183,414
202.9
0.87
1.27
2019
 
4,215,976
204.5
0.78
1.28
2020
 
4,241,544
205.7
0.61
1.28
2021
 
4,246,155
205.9
0.11
1.28
Source: Calculations by the Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project (OR-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2022
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1969-2021
 
1969
 
201,298,000
100.0
N
1970
 
203,798,722
101.2
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
102.7
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
104.0
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
105.0
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
106.0
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
107.0
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
108.1
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
109.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
110.3
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
111.6
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
112.9
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
114.0
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
115.1
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
116.1
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
117.2
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
118.2
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
119.3
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
120.4
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
121.5
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
122.6
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
124.0
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
125.7
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
127.4
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
129.1
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
130.7
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
132.3
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
133.8
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
135.4
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
137.0
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
138.6
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
140.2
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
141.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
142.9
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
144.1
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
145.5
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
146.8
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
148.2
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
149.6
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
151.1
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
152.4
0.88
2010
 
309,378,433
153.7
0.85
2011
 
311,841,632
154.9
0.80
2012
 
314,344,331
156.2
0.80
2013
 
316,735,375
157.3
0.76
2014
 
319,270,047
158.6
0.80
2015
 
321,829,327
159.9
0.80
2016
 
324,367,742
161.1
0.79
2017
 
326,623,063
162.3
0.70
2018
 
328,542,157
163.2
0.59
2019
 
330,233,102
164.1
0.51
2020
 
331,501,080
164.7
0.38
2021
 
331,893,745
164.9
0.12
Source: Calculations by the Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project (OR-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2022
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2022. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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