Jackson County vs. Oregon
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Total Employment Growth and Change, 1969-2018
Introduction
Jackson County:
2018 Jobs = 126,120
2018 Percent of State = 4.9%
Oregon:
2018 Jobs = 2,582,370
2018 Percent of State = 1.3%
Employment numbers remain the most popular and frequently cited statistics used for tracking local area economic conditions and trends. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) employment estimates reported measure the number of full- and part-time wage and salary employees, plus the number of proprietors of unincorporated businesses. People holding more than one job are counted in the employment estimates for each job they hold. This means BEA employment estimates represent a job count, not a people count. Also, BEA employment is by place-of-work, rather than by place-of-residence. Jobs held by neighboring county residents who commute to Jackson County to work are included in the employment count for Jackson County.
Data Definition:
The BEA employment series for states and local areas comprises estimates of the number of jobs, full-time plus part-time, by place of work. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight. Employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are included, but unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. Proprietors employment consists of the number of sole proprietorships and the number of partners in partnerships. The description "by place of work" applies to the wage and salary portion of the series and, with relatively little error, to the entire series. The proprietors employment portion of the series, however, is more nearly by place of residence because, for nonfarm sole proprietorships, the estimates are based on IRS tax data that reflect the address from which the proprietor's individual tax return is filed, which is usually the proprietor's residence. The nonfarm partnership portion of the proprietors employment series reflects the tax-filing address of the partnership, which may be either the residence of one of the partners or the business address of the partnership. The employment estimates are designed to be consistent with the estimates of wages and salaries and proprietors' income that are part of the personal income series. The employment estimates are based on the same sets of source data as the corresponding earnings estimates and are prepared with parallel methodologies. Two forms of proprietors' income-the income of limited partnerships and the income of tax-exempt cooperatives-have no corresponding employment estimates.
Total Employment, 1969-2018
Total Employment, 1969-2018
Figure 1.
Figure 1 traces Jackson County's annual total employment for the period 1969-2018 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 50-year period, Jackson County's total employment rose from 35,645 in 1969 to 126,120 in 2018, for a net gain of 90,475, or 253.8%.
Total Employment, 1969-2018
Total Employment, 1969-2018
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Oregon's annual total employment for the period 1969-2018 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 50-year period, Oregon's total employment rose from 920,183 in 1969 to 2,582,370 in 2018, for a net gain of 1,662,187, or 180.6%.
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2018
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2018
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Jackson County's total employment growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Oregon, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's total employment in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the total employments in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in total employment growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Jackson County's overall total employment growth was 253.8% over 1969-2018 outpaced Oregon's increase of 180.6%, and topped the United States' increase of 120.5%.
Total Employment as a Percent of the Oregon Total: 1969-2018
Total Employment as a Percent of the Oregon Total: 1969-2018
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of comparing the total employment growth of Jackson County is to compare its individual percentage contributions to Oregon's statewide total employment over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's total employment grew faster, or declined less, than Oregon's total employment, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Jackson County's total employment totaled 3.9% of Oregon's total employment, while in 2018 it totaled 4.9% thereby yielding a +1.0% share-shift.
   
 
Total Employment Share-Shift
2018 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2018
vs.
1969
+1.01%
=
4.88%
-
3.87%
 
   
Jackson County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2018
Jackson County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2018
Figure 5.
Figure 5 highlights the short-run pattern of Jackson County's total employment growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2018. The average annual percent change for the entire 49-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Jackson County's total employment grew at an annual rate of 2.65% over 1970-2018. The county posted its highest growth in 1978 (8.25%) and posted its lowest growth in 2009 (-5.13%). In 2018, Jackson County's total employment grew by 2.67%
Jackson County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2018
Jackson County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2018
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again shows the annual percent change in Jackson County's total employment since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2018.
During the 1970s, Jackson County's annual total employment growth rate averaged 5.19%. It averaged 2.19% throughout the 1980s, 3.24% during the 1990s, 1.01% throughout the 2000s, and 1.52% thus far this decade (2010 to 2018).
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Jackson County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Oregon and the nation. As the chart reveals, Jackson County's average annual total employment growth outgained Oregon's average throughout the 1970s (5.19% vs. 3.92%), outperformed Oregon's average during the 1980s (2.19% vs. 1.59%), outgained Oregon's average in the 1990s (3.24% vs. 2.69%), recorded above Oregon's average throughout the 2000s (1.01% vs. 0.68%), and lagged Oregon's average over the 9 year period of the last decade, 2010-2018 (1.52% vs. 1.86%).
Finally, relative to nationwide total employment growth trends, Jackson County outgained the nation over the 1970s (5.19% vs. 2.21%), outgained the nation during the 1980s (2.19% vs. 1.88%), registered above the nation throughout the 1990s (3.24% vs. 1.73%), surpassed the nation over the 2000s (1.01% vs. 0.74%), and recorded underneath the nation over 2010-2018 (1.52% vs. 1.63%).
   
 
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
2.65
5.19
2.19
3.24
1.01
1.52
2.67
 
2.15
3.92
1.59
2.69
0.68
1.86
2.38
 
1.64
2.21
1.88
1.73
0.74
1.63
1.99
 
   
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2018
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2018
Figure 8.
The job ratios shown in Figure 8 for Jackson County, Oregon and the nation not only portray a number of important trends, they also serves as a thumbnail guide to evaluating an economy's capacity to generate enough jobs fast enough to absorb the increasing number of workers attendant to a growing population. The job ratio is the number of full-time and part-time jobs by place of work, divided by population.
Nationally, the job ratio rose from 0.45 to 0.61 between 1969 and 2018. Jackson County's job ratio registered 0.38 in 1969, and 0.57 in 2018. Underlying the rising job ratio over the past several decades have been the increases in the labor force participation rates, with the number and proportion of women in the labor market playing a leading role.
An assortment of other factors can contribute to regional differences in the job ratio. They include differences in the proportion of elderly and retirees who no longer work and participate in the labor force, differences in the number and proportion of part-time vs. full-time workers, differences in industry composition, and differences in age and sex distribution and degree of urbanization. Also, a disproportionate number of workers commuting to work outside a county tends to lower its local county job ratio, while a net inflow of workers commuting to work inside the county tends to augment its local county job ratio.
Avoid interpreting the job ratio as the fraction (or percent) of the local population employed. This interpretation should only apply to the "employment-population ratio" statistic compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2018
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2018
Figure 9.
To highlight trends in a local job ratio relative to nationwide trends, Figure 9 tracks Jackson County's, Oregon's job ratio as a percent of the national job ratio over 1969-2018.

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Jackson County:
Total Employment, 1969-2018
 
1969
 
35,645
100.0
N
3.87
0.38
83.98
1970
 
36,133
101.4
1.37
3.90
0.38
84.59
1971
 
39,058
109.6
8.10
4.11
0.39
88.66
1972
 
41,785
117.2
6.98
4.17
0.41
91.44
1973
 
44,421
124.6
6.31
4.20
0.41
88.94
1974
 
45,606
127.9
2.67
4.19
0.41
87.61
1975
 
46,756
131.2
2.52
4.23
0.41
88.63
1976
 
49,250
138.2
5.33
4.26
0.42
89.62
1977
 
52,964
148.6
7.54
4.33
0.43
90.58
1978
 
57,334
160.8
8.25
4.42
0.45
91.82
1979
 
58,937
165.3
2.80
4.37
0.45
90.04
1980
 
58,583
164.4
-0.60
4.34
0.44
87.86
1981
 
57,391
161.0
-2.03
4.35
0.43
85.18
1982
 
54,859
153.9
-4.41
4.32
0.41
83.17
1983
 
57,463
161.2
4.75
4.44
0.43
87.26
1984
 
60,553
169.9
5.38
4.51
0.45
87.87
1985
 
61,517
172.6
1.59
4.49
0.45
86.65
1986
 
63,925
179.3
3.91
4.55
0.47
88.51
1987
 
67,656
189.8
5.84
4.65
0.48
90.62
1988
 
71,400
200.3
5.53
4.69
0.51
92.79
1989
 
72,786
204.2
1.94
4.62
0.51
91.90
1990
 
75,872
212.9
4.24
4.67
0.51
92.89
1991
 
76,214
213.8
0.45
4.66
0.50
92.81
1992
 
78,291
219.6
2.73
4.73
0.51
93.79
1993
 
80,714
226.4
3.09
4.75
0.51
93.70
1994
 
85,896
241.0
6.42
4.82
0.53
95.85
1995
 
88,260
247.6
2.75
4.78
0.53
94.93
1996
 
91,601
257.0
3.79
4.77
0.54
95.69
1997
 
95,490
267.9
4.25
4.81
0.55
97.09
1998
 
97,290
272.9
1.89
4.81
0.55
95.87
1999
 
100,050
280.7
2.84
4.88
0.56
96.41
2000
 
103,307
289.8
3.26
4.94
0.57
96.97
2001
 
103,859
291.4
0.53
5.00
0.56
97.27
2002
 
103,968
291.7
0.10
5.04
0.56
97.01
2003
 
107,562
301.8
3.46
5.18
0.57
99.07
2004
 
111,967
314.1
4.10
5.25
0.58
101.04
2005
 
115,395
323.7
3.06
5.25
0.59
101.63
2006
 
117,401
329.4
1.74
5.20
0.60
101.18
2007
 
119,400
335.0
1.70
5.17
0.60
100.59
2008
 
116,112
325.7
-2.75
5.07
0.58
97.94
2009
 
110,154
309.0
-5.13
5.03
0.54
96.20
2010
 
109,131
306.2
-0.93
5.02
0.54
96.01
2011
 
109,021
305.9
-0.10
4.95
0.53
94.22
2012
 
109,916
308.4
0.82
4.95
0.53
93.64
2013
 
112,515
315.7
2.36
4.98
0.54
94.14
2014
 
114,828
322.1
2.06
4.94
0.55
93.83
2015
 
117,852
330.6
2.63
4.93
0.56
93.94
2016
 
120,252
337.4
2.04
4.91
0.56
93.73
2017
 
122,841
344.6
2.15
4.87
0.57
93.62
2018
 
126,120
353.8
2.67
4.88
0.57
93.62
Source: Calculations by the Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project (OR-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Oregon:
Total Employment, 1969-2018
 
1969
 
920,183
100.0
N
1.01
0.45
98.66
1970
 
925,933
100.6
0.62
1.01
0.44
98.43
1971
 
950,552
103.3
2.66
1.04
0.44
99.85
1972
 
1,001,074
108.8
5.32
1.06
0.46
101.19
1973
 
1,058,290
115.0
5.72
1.08
0.47
101.50
1974
 
1,089,196
118.4
2.92
1.09
0.48
101.76
1975
 
1,105,316
120.1
1.48
1.12
0.48
103.58
1976
 
1,156,014
125.6
4.59
1.14
0.49
104.36
1977
 
1,222,672
132.9
5.77
1.16
0.50
104.86
1978
 
1,296,308
140.9
6.02
1.18
0.52
104.59
1979
 
1,349,641
146.7
4.11
1.19
0.52
103.89
1980
 
1,349,543
146.7
-0.01
1.18
0.51
101.86
1981
 
1,319,241
143.4
-2.25
1.15
0.49
98.74
1982
 
1,269,532
138.0
-3.77
1.11
0.48
96.67
1983
 
1,295,260
140.8
2.03
1.12
0.49
98.70
1984
 
1,341,925
145.8
3.60
1.11
0.50
98.46
1985
 
1,370,436
148.9
2.12
1.11
0.51
98.55
1986
 
1,405,810
152.8
2.58
1.11
0.52
99.66
1987
 
1,454,698
158.1
3.48
1.12
0.54
100.73
1988
 
1,521,518
165.3
4.59
1.14
0.56
101.60
1989
 
1,574,429
171.1
3.48
1.16
0.56
102.26
1990
 
1,626,385
176.7
3.30
1.18
0.57
102.60
1991
 
1,635,517
177.7
0.56
1.19
0.56
102.67
1992
 
1,653,649
179.7
1.11
1.20
0.55
102.62
1993
 
1,697,791
184.5
2.67
1.21
0.55
102.43
1994
 
1,780,620
193.5
4.88
1.23
0.57
104.10
1995
 
1,845,372
200.5
3.64
1.25
0.58
104.32
1996
 
1,919,606
208.6
4.02
1.27
0.59
105.43
1997
 
1,986,426
215.9
3.48
1.29
0.60
106.06
1998
 
2,021,755
219.7
1.78
1.28
0.60
104.97
1999
 
2,051,144
222.9
1.45
1.27
0.60
104.40
2000
 
2,092,153
227.4
2.00
1.27
0.61
104.08
2001
 
2,079,058
225.9
-0.63
1.26
0.60
103.21
2002
 
2,062,096
224.1
-0.82
1.25
0.59
102.25
2003
 
2,076,533
225.7
0.70
1.25
0.59
102.35
2004
 
2,132,982
231.8
2.72
1.26
0.60
103.63
2005
 
2,196,887
238.7
3.00
1.27
0.61
104.26
2006
 
2,256,424
245.2
2.71
1.28
0.61
104.29
2007
 
2,307,415
250.8
2.26
1.29
0.62
104.00
2008
 
2,288,619
248.7
-0.81
1.28
0.61
103.04
2009
 
2,189,148
237.9
-4.35
1.26
0.57
101.55
2010
 
2,174,324
236.3
-0.68
1.26
0.57
101.37
2011
 
2,201,553
239.3
1.25
1.25
0.57
100.61
2012
 
2,219,899
241.2
0.83
1.24
0.57
99.84
2013
 
2,259,714
245.6
1.79
1.24
0.58
99.85
2014
 
2,323,122
252.5
2.81
1.25
0.59
100.19
2015
 
2,390,658
259.8
2.91
1.26
0.60
100.30
2016
 
2,449,802
266.2
2.47
1.27
0.60
100.04
2017
 
2,522,273
274.1
2.96
1.28
0.61
100.48
2018
 
2,582,370
280.6
2.38
1.29
0.62
100.43
Source: Calculations by the Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project (OR-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Total Employment, 1969-2018
 
1969
 
91,053,200
100.0
N
0.45
1970
 
91,277,600
100.2
0.25
0.45
1971
 
91,581,400
100.6
0.33
0.44
1972
 
94,312,200
103.6
2.98
0.45
1973
 
98,427,500
108.1
4.36
0.47
1974
 
100,111,800
109.9
1.71
0.47
1975
 
98,900,600
108.6
-1.21
0.46
1976
 
101,591,200
111.6
2.72
0.47
1977
 
105,042,200
115.4
3.40
0.48
1978
 
109,686,600
120.5
4.42
0.49
1979
 
113,147,100
124.3
3.15
0.50
1980
 
113,983,200
125.2
0.74
0.50
1981
 
114,914,000
126.2
0.82
0.50
1982
 
114,163,300
125.4
-0.65
0.49
1983
 
115,645,700
127.0
1.30
0.49
1984
 
120,528,100
132.4
4.22
0.51
1985
 
123,796,700
136.0
2.71
0.52
1986
 
126,232,300
138.6
1.97
0.53
1987
 
129,548,400
142.3
2.63
0.53
1988
 
133,563,900
146.7
3.10
0.55
1989
 
136,177,800
149.6
1.96
0.55
1990
 
138,330,900
151.9
1.58
0.55
1991
 
137,612,800
151.1
-0.52
0.54
1992
 
138,166,100
151.7
0.40
0.54
1993
 
140,774,400
154.6
1.89
0.54
1994
 
144,196,600
158.4
2.43
0.55
1995
 
147,915,800
162.4
2.58
0.56
1996
 
151,056,200
165.9
2.12
0.56
1997
 
154,541,200
169.7
2.31
0.57
1998
 
158,481,200
174.1
2.55
0.57
1999
 
161,531,300
177.4
1.92
0.58
2000
 
165,370,800
181.6
2.38
0.59
2001
 
165,522,200
181.8
0.09
0.58
2002
 
165,095,100
181.3
-0.26
0.57
2003
 
165,921,500
182.2
0.50
0.57
2004
 
168,839,700
185.4
1.76
0.58
2005
 
172,338,400
189.3
2.07
0.58
2006
 
175,868,600
193.1
2.05
0.59
2007
 
179,543,700
197.2
2.09
0.60
2008
 
179,213,900
196.8
-0.18
0.59
2009
 
173,636,700
190.7
-3.11
0.57
2010
 
172,901,700
189.9
-0.42
0.56
2011
 
176,091,700
193.4
1.84
0.57
2012
 
178,979,700
196.6
1.64
0.57
2013
 
182,325,100
200.2
1.87
0.58
2014
 
186,233,800
204.5
2.14
0.58
2015
 
190,315,800
209.0
2.19
0.59
2016
 
193,371,900
212.4
1.61
0.60
2017
 
196,825,300
216.2
1.79
0.61
2018
 
200,746,000
220.5
1.99
0.61
Source: Calculations by the Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project (OR-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2020. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

Please stay tuned...
while your request is processing:

Please wait while your request is being processed...
To offer the most comprehensive set of interactive options in support of your research, OR-REAP calculates and crunches most of the data and generates the narrative and graphic analysis on demand in response to your request.
Your request will soon be available.
Just a few more seconds....Your request has been generated and is now loading the results.