Umatilla County vs. Oregon
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Total Employment Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Umatilla County:
2017 Jobs = 39,712
2017 Percent of State = 1.6%
Oregon:
2017 Jobs = 2,501,057
2017 Percent of State = 1.3%
Employment numbers remain the most popular and frequently cited statistics used for tracking local area economic conditions and trends. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) employment estimates reported measure the number of full- and part-time wage and salary employees, plus the number of proprietors of unincorporated businesses. People holding more than one job are counted in the employment estimates for each job they hold. This means BEA employment estimates represent a job count, not a people count. Also, BEA employment is by place-of-work, rather than by place-of-residence. Jobs held by neighboring county residents who commute to Umatilla County to work are included in the employment count for Umatilla County.
Data Definition:
The BEA employment series for states and local areas comprises estimates of the number of jobs, full-time plus part-time, by place of work. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight. Employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are included, but unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. Proprietors employment consists of the number of sole proprietorships and the number of partners in partnerships. The description "by place of work" applies to the wage and salary portion of the series and, with relatively little error, to the entire series. The proprietors employment portion of the series, however, is more nearly by place of residence because, for nonfarm sole proprietorships, the estimates are based on IRS tax data that reflect the address from which the proprietor's individual tax return is filed, which is usually the proprietor's residence. The nonfarm partnership portion of the proprietors employment series reflects the tax-filing address of the partnership, which may be either the residence of one of the partners or the business address of the partnership. The employment estimates are designed to be consistent with the estimates of wage and salary disbursements and proprietors' income that are part of the personal income series. The employment estimates are based on the same sets of source data as the corresponding earnings estimates and are prepared with parallel methodologies. Two forms of proprietors' income-the income of limited partnerships and the income of tax-exempt cooperatives-have no corresponding employment estimates.
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Umatilla County's annual total employment for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Umatilla County's total employment rose from 20,170 in 1969 to 39,712 in 2017, for a net gain of 19,542, or 96.9%.
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Oregon's annual total employment for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Oregon's total employment rose from 920,183 in 1969 to 2,501,057 in 2017, for a net gain of 1,580,874, or 171.8%.
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays Umatilla County's total employment growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Oregon, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's total employment in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the total employments in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in total employment growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Umatilla County's overall total employment growth was 96.9% over 1969-2017 trailed Oregon's increase of 171.8%, and fell below the United States' increase of 115.4%.
Total Employment as a Percent of the Oregon Total: 1969-2017
Total Employment as a Percent of the Oregon Total: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of highlighting the total employment growth of Umatilla County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Oregon's statewide total employment over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's total employment grew faster, or declined less, than Oregon's total employment, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Umatilla County's total employment totaled 2.2% of Oregon's total employment, while in 2017 it comprised 1.6% thereby yielding a -0.6% share-shift.
   
 
Total Employment Share-Shift
2017 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2017
vs.
1969
-0.60%
=
1.59%
-
2.19%
 
   
Umatilla County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Umatilla County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 shows the short-run pattern of Umatilla County's total employment growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Umatilla County's total employment grew at an annual rate of 1.44% over 1970-2017. The county recorded its highest growth in 1973 (6.97%) and posted its lowest growth in 1982 (-4.56%). In 2017, Umatilla County's total employment grew by 1.25%
Umatilla County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Umatilla County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again traces the annual percent change in Umatilla County's total employment since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Umatilla County's annual total employment growth rate averaged 3.47%. It averaged 0.21% in the 1980s, 2.84% in the 1990s, 0.18% in the 2000s, and 0.29% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Umatilla County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Oregon and the nation. As the chart reveals, Umatilla County's average annual total employment growth recorded under Oregon's average throughout the 1970s (3.47% vs. 3.92%), lagged Oregon's average throughout the 1980s (0.21% vs. 1.59%), recorded above Oregon's average during the 1990s (2.84% vs. 2.69%), posted below Oregon's average in the 2000s (0.18% vs. 0.68%), and posted below Oregon's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (0.29% vs. 1.69%).
Finally, relative to nationwide total employment growth trends, Umatilla County outgained the nation over the 1970s (3.47% vs. 2.21%), lagged the nation over the 1980s (0.21% vs. 1.88%), led the nation in the 1990s (2.84% vs. 1.73%), fell below the nation during the 2000s (0.18% vs. 0.74%), and trailed the nation over 2010-2017 (0.29% vs. 1.54%).
   
 
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
1.44
3.47
0.21
2.84
0.18
0.29
1.25
 
2.13
3.92
1.59
2.69
0.68
1.69
2.20
 
1.62
2.21
1.88
1.73
0.74
1.54
1.43
 
   
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2017
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2017
Figure 8.
The job ratios shown in Figure 8 for Umatilla County, Oregon and the nation not only portray a number of important trends, they also serves as a thumbnail guide to evaluating an economy's capacity to generate enough jobs fast enough to absorb the increasing number of workers attendant to a growing population. The job ratio is the number of full-time and part-time jobs by place of work, divided by population.
Nationally, the job ratio rose from 0.45 to 0.60 between 1969 and 2017. Umatilla County's job ratio registered 0.45 in 1969, and 0.52 in 2017. Underlying the rising job ratio over the past several decades have been the increases in the labor force participation rates, with the number and proportion of women in the labor market playing a leading role.
An assortment of other factors can contribute to regional differences in the job ratio. They include differences in the proportion of elderly and retirees who no longer work and participate in the labor force, differences in the number and proportion of part-time vs. full-time workers, differences in industry composition, and differences in age and sex distribution and degree of urbanization. Also, a disproportionate number of workers commuting to work outside a county tends to lower its local county job ratio, while a net inflow of workers commuting to work inside the county tends to augment its local county job ratio.
Avoid interpreting the job ratio as the fraction (or percent) of the local population employed. This interpretation should only apply to the "employment-population ratio" statistic compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2017
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2017
Figure 9.
To highlight trends in a local job ratio relative to nationwide trends, Figure 9 tracks Umatilla County's, Oregon's job ratio as a percent of the national job ratio over 1969-2017.

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Umatilla County:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
20,170
100.0
N
2.19
0.45
100.18
1970
 
20,350
100.9
0.89
2.20
0.45
100.96
1971
 
20,465
101.5
0.57
2.15
0.45
101.03
1972
 
21,060
104.4
2.91
2.10
0.45
100.68
1973
 
22,528
111.7
6.97
2.13
0.48
103.27
1974
 
23,243
115.2
3.17
2.13
0.49
104.60
1975
 
24,284
120.4
4.48
2.20
0.50
108.15
1976
 
25,191
124.9
3.73
2.18
0.49
105.12
1977
 
26,468
131.2
5.07
2.16
0.49
103.46
1978
 
27,512
136.4
3.94
2.12
0.50
100.43
1979
 
28,319
140.4
2.93
2.10
0.49
97.91
1980
 
28,406
140.8
0.31
2.10
0.48
95.78
1981
 
27,949
138.6
-1.61
2.12
0.47
92.93
1982
 
26,675
132.3
-4.56
2.10
0.44
89.88
1983
 
27,318
135.4
2.41
2.11
0.45
91.39
1984
 
27,472
136.2
0.56
2.05
0.45
88.62
1985
 
27,989
138.8
1.88
2.04
0.47
89.62
1986
 
28,128
139.5
0.50
2.00
0.47
89.87
1987
 
28,079
139.2
-0.17
1.93
0.47
88.84
1988
 
28,798
142.8
2.56
1.89
0.49
90.07
1989
 
28,858
143.1
0.21
1.83
0.49
88.51
1990
 
30,164
149.5
4.53
1.85
0.51
91.59
1991
 
30,495
151.2
1.10
1.86
0.50
92.76
1992
 
30,402
150.7
-0.30
1.84
0.49
91.26
1993
 
31,229
154.8
2.72
1.84
0.49
91.20
1994
 
32,578
161.5
4.32
1.83
0.51
92.34
1995
 
33,245
164.8
2.05
1.80
0.51
91.32
1996
 
33,947
168.3
2.11
1.77
0.51
91.40
1997
 
34,902
173.0
2.81
1.76
0.52
92.28
1998
 
36,613
181.5
4.90
1.81
0.54
93.36
1999
 
38,138
189.1
4.17
1.86
0.55
94.32
2000
 
37,968
188.2
-0.45
1.82
0.54
91.59
2001
 
37,855
187.7
-0.30
1.82
0.54
92.21
2002
 
38,543
191.1
1.82
1.87
0.53
93.07
2003
 
38,688
191.8
0.38
1.86
0.53
92.89
2004
 
38,606
191.4
-0.21
1.81
0.53
91.14
2005
 
38,359
190.2
-0.64
1.75
0.52
89.17
2006
 
38,687
191.8
0.86
1.71
0.52
88.72
2007
 
39,174
194.2
1.26
1.70
0.53
88.50
2008
 
39,337
195.0
0.42
1.72
0.53
89.61
2009
 
38,805
192.4
-1.35
1.77
0.52
91.17
2010
 
38,629
191.5
-0.45
1.78
0.51
90.83
2011
 
39,296
194.8
1.73
1.78
0.51
90.62
2012
 
39,361
195.1
0.17
1.77
0.51
89.71
2013
 
39,045
193.6
-0.80
1.73
0.51
88.07
2014
 
38,746
192.1
-0.77
1.67
0.51
86.46
2015
 
38,698
191.9
-0.12
1.62
0.51
85.35
2016
 
39,221
194.5
1.35
1.60
0.51
85.58
2017
 
39,712
196.9
1.25
1.59
0.52
85.67
Source: Calculations by the Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project (OR-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Oregon:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
920,183
100.0
N
1.01
0.45
98.66
1970
 
925,933
100.6
0.62
1.01
0.44
98.43
1971
 
950,552
103.3
2.66
1.04
0.44
99.85
1972
 
1,001,074
108.8
5.32
1.06
0.46
101.19
1973
 
1,058,290
115.0
5.72
1.08
0.47
101.50
1974
 
1,089,196
118.4
2.92
1.09
0.48
101.76
1975
 
1,105,316
120.1
1.48
1.12
0.48
103.58
1976
 
1,156,014
125.6
4.59
1.14
0.49
104.36
1977
 
1,222,672
132.9
5.77
1.16
0.50
104.86
1978
 
1,296,308
140.9
6.02
1.18
0.52
104.59
1979
 
1,349,641
146.7
4.11
1.19
0.52
103.89
1980
 
1,349,543
146.7
-0.01
1.18
0.51
101.86
1981
 
1,319,241
143.4
-2.25
1.15
0.49
98.74
1982
 
1,269,532
138.0
-3.77
1.11
0.48
96.67
1983
 
1,295,260
140.8
2.03
1.12
0.49
98.70
1984
 
1,341,925
145.8
3.60
1.11
0.50
98.46
1985
 
1,370,436
148.9
2.12
1.11
0.51
98.55
1986
 
1,405,810
152.8
2.58
1.11
0.52
99.66
1987
 
1,454,698
158.1
3.48
1.12
0.54
100.73
1988
 
1,521,518
165.3
4.59
1.14
0.56
101.60
1989
 
1,574,429
171.1
3.48
1.16
0.56
102.26
1990
 
1,626,385
176.7
3.30
1.18
0.57
102.60
1991
 
1,635,517
177.7
0.56
1.19
0.56
102.67
1992
 
1,653,649
179.7
1.11
1.20
0.55
102.62
1993
 
1,697,791
184.5
2.67
1.21
0.55
102.43
1994
 
1,780,620
193.5
4.88
1.23
0.57
104.10
1995
 
1,845,372
200.5
3.64
1.25
0.58
104.32
1996
 
1,919,606
208.6
4.02
1.27
0.59
105.43
1997
 
1,986,426
215.9
3.48
1.29
0.60
106.06
1998
 
2,022,237
219.8
1.80
1.28
0.60
105.00
1999
 
2,050,382
222.8
1.39
1.27
0.60
104.36
2000
 
2,091,533
227.3
2.01
1.26
0.61
104.05
2001
 
2,079,058
225.9
-0.60
1.26
0.60
103.21
2002
 
2,062,096
224.1
-0.82
1.25
0.59
102.25
2003
 
2,076,533
225.7
0.70
1.25
0.59
102.35
2004
 
2,132,982
231.8
2.72
1.26
0.60
103.63
2005
 
2,196,887
238.7
3.00
1.27
0.61
104.26
2006
 
2,256,424
245.2
2.71
1.28
0.61
104.29
2007
 
2,307,415
250.8
2.26
1.29
0.62
104.00
2008
 
2,288,619
248.7
-0.81
1.28
0.61
103.04
2009
 
2,189,148
237.9
-4.35
1.26
0.57
101.55
2010
 
2,174,324
236.3
-0.68
1.26
0.57
101.38
2011
 
2,201,553
239.3
1.25
1.25
0.57
100.79
2012
 
2,219,899
241.2
0.83
1.24
0.57
100.01
2013
 
2,259,714
245.6
1.79
1.24
0.58
99.99
2014
 
2,322,003
252.3
2.76
1.25
0.59
100.30
2015
 
2,388,647
259.6
2.87
1.26
0.59
100.32
2016
 
2,447,178
265.9
2.45
1.27
0.60
100.17
2017
 
2,501,057
271.8
2.20
1.28
0.60
100.26
Source: Calculations by the Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project (OR-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
91,053,200
100.0
N
0.45
1970
 
91,277,600
100.2
0.25
0.45
1971
 
91,581,400
100.6
0.33
0.44
1972
 
94,312,200
103.6
2.98
0.45
1973
 
98,427,500
108.1
4.36
0.47
1974
 
100,111,800
109.9
1.71
0.47
1975
 
98,900,600
108.6
-1.21
0.46
1976
 
101,591,200
111.6
2.72
0.47
1977
 
105,042,200
115.4
3.40
0.48
1978
 
109,686,600
120.5
4.42
0.49
1979
 
113,147,100
124.3
3.15
0.50
1980
 
113,983,200
125.2
0.74
0.50
1981
 
114,914,000
126.2
0.82
0.50
1982
 
114,163,300
125.4
-0.65
0.49
1983
 
115,645,700
127.0
1.30
0.49
1984
 
120,528,100
132.4
4.22
0.51
1985
 
123,796,700
136.0
2.71
0.52
1986
 
126,232,300
138.6
1.97
0.53
1987
 
129,548,400
142.3
2.63
0.53
1988
 
133,563,900
146.7
3.10
0.55
1989
 
136,177,800
149.6
1.96
0.55
1990
 
138,330,900
151.9
1.58
0.55
1991
 
137,612,800
151.1
-0.52
0.54
1992
 
138,166,100
151.7
0.40
0.54
1993
 
140,774,400
154.6
1.89
0.54
1994
 
144,196,600
158.4
2.43
0.55
1995
 
147,915,800
162.4
2.58
0.56
1996
 
151,056,200
165.9
2.12
0.56
1997
 
154,541,200
169.7
2.31
0.57
1998
 
158,481,200
174.1
2.55
0.57
1999
 
161,531,300
177.4
1.92
0.58
2000
 
165,370,800
181.6
2.38
0.59
2001
 
165,522,200
181.8
0.09
0.58
2002
 
165,095,100
181.3
-0.26
0.57
2003
 
165,921,500
182.2
0.50
0.57
2004
 
168,839,700
185.4
1.76
0.58
2005
 
172,338,400
189.3
2.07
0.58
2006
 
175,868,600
193.1
2.05
0.59
2007
 
179,543,700
197.2
2.09
0.60
2008
 
179,213,900
196.8
-0.18
0.59
2009
 
173,636,700
190.7
-3.11
0.57
2010
 
172,901,700
189.9
-0.42
0.56
2011
 
176,091,700
193.4
1.84
0.57
2012
 
178,979,700
196.6
1.64
0.57
2013
 
182,325,100
200.2
1.87
0.58
2014
 
186,235,800
204.5
2.14
0.58
2015
 
190,317,800
209.0
2.19
0.59
2016
 
193,368,900
212.4
1.60
0.60
2017
 
196,132,200
215.4
1.43
0.60
Source: Calculations by the Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project (OR-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

Please stay tuned...
while your request is processing:

Please wait while your request is being processed...
To offer the most comprehensive set of interactive options in support of your research, OR-REAP calculates and crunches most of the data and generates the narrative and graphic analysis on demand in response to your request.
Your request will soon be available.
Just a few more seconds....Your request has been generated and is now loading the results.